cross-posted from: https://lemmy.world/post/9483559

PeerTube is a decentralized and federated alternative to YouTube. The goal of PeerTube is not to replace YouTube but to offer a viable alternative using the strength of ActivityPub and P2P protocols.

Being built on ActivityPub means PeerTube is able to be part of a bigger social network, the Fediverse (the Federated Universe). On the other hand, P2P technologies help PeerTube to solve the issue of money, inbound with all streaming platform : With PeerTube, you don’t need to have a lot of bandwidth available on your server to host a PeerTube platform because all users (which didn’t disable the feature) watching a video on PeerTube will be able to share this same video to other viewers.

If you are curious about PeerTube, I can’t recommend you enough to check the official website to learn more about the project. If after that you want to try to use PeerTube as a content creator, you can try to find a platform available there to register or host yourself your own PeerTube platform on your own server.

The development of PeerTube is actually sponsored by Framasoft, a french non-for-profit popular educational organization, a group of friends convinced that an emancipating digital world is possible, convinced that it will arise through actual actions on real world and online with and for you!

Framasoft is also involved in the development of Mobilizon, a decentralized and federated alternative to Facebook Events and Meetup.

If you want to contribute to PeerTube, feel free to:

  • smileyhead
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    6 months ago

    It is part od the Fediverse, so commenting, likes, following, etc. should regarless of what ActivityPub-enabled service you use for interactions (for example can comment from Mastodon account).

    The “Peer” part of “PeerTube” means that the video player itself is based on torrent technology. It is not saved on your device (unless you decide to), just when you watch you also send the video to cut off some of the server’s bandwidth. Videos are not shared between servers, only the information that they exists, only on uploader’s server and between user’s devices.

    It is not to preserve videos online, for that we have other tools like proper torrents, this is ment to be alternative to YouTube. TLDR Here ActivityPub is for statuses, Torrent is for helping the servers.

    • penquin@lemm.ee
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      6 months ago

      So, my device/bandwidth is basically a tunnel so to speak that helps push the video (that is saved on the uploader’s server" to others? So peertube only uses my Internet and my device’s CPU?

      • smileyhead
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        6 months ago

        It uses just the same as other video sites plus some upload bandwidth that is usually unused anyway. Also there is an option to download the video purely by HTTP without torrenting if someone wants to.

      • conciselyverbose@kbin.social
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        6 months ago

        No. [I was wrong. In addition to being distributed between servers like I said, you can also enable P2P sharing to distribute the bandwidth even further.]

        If you have a server that allows users to sign up, the stuff they follow/watch (you’d have to look at details if you want to host to see exactly how it’s distributed) goes through your server.

        The flip side to this is that, when your user uploads an extremely popular video (or you personally do if you don’t allow signups), you don’t have to stream every video to every individual user. You send it on to other federated instances that those users are signed up to, but if one instance has 100 users view your video, you don’t have to send it 100 times. (This is likely less efficient than YouTube, because they can control exactly how load is spread between their delivery network with a comprehensive view of everything, but it dramatically lowers the barrier to entry for an individual to get involved or handle the distribution demand of a popular video.)

        Just as a client, you don’t serve anyone else. It’s a website (or app) that works much like YouTube does. It’s on the server side where the load is distributed.